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印度社会保障政策的历史发展与目标

Historical Developments and Goals of Social Protection Policies in India

【Author in Chinese】 卢斯-卡图姆里曼祖-辛格蔡泽昊

【Author & Institution】 Ruth Kattumuri;Manju Singh;London School of Economics and Political Science;Symbiosis International,Pune;

【Institution】 英国伦敦政治经济学院亚洲研究中心英国伦敦政治经济学院印度观察站印度共生国际大学共生研究所中国人民大学中国社会保障研究中心

【Abstract in Chinese】 供养贫困人群和下层社会——这一概念根植于印度的文化与哲学之中。理解印度历史观,才能全面、充分地理解印度社会保障政策的本质。本文回顾了历史上印度的各种福利措施,这些措施一定程度上满足人民的需求。首先,我们试着呈现公元前3 000年的古印度就已存在的若干与社会保障相关的概念,回顾了古印度——包括青铜器文明、早期封建帝王和社会宗教公共机构——的传统与实践。其次,我们梳理了印度独立前的制度改革与新福利国家道路。接着,我们描述了印度独立后的若干社会保障制度实践和法案——包括那些五年计划。文章的最后部分讨论了印度社会保障的发展趋势与侧重点。

【Abstract】 The concept of providing for the poor and underprivileged is embedded in India culture and philosophy.Understanding its historical perspective is important in order to fully comprehend the nature of social protection in India This chapter sets out a historical review of various forms of welfare that have contributed towards providing for the needs of people in the country.We attempt to present various concepts of social protection that existed in ancient India from about 3000 BC and begin with an overview of traditions and practices in ancient India spanning the Harappan civilization,the early emperors and some socio-religious institutions.We then present the reforms and the new welfare state approaches prevalent before independence.This is followed by a description of progammes and acts introduced after independence including the five-year plans.The final section discusses evolving growth trends and priorities for social protection in India.

  • 【CLC code】F843.51
  • 【Citation】1
  • 【Downloads】188
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